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EMBEDDED SYSTEM 2016

Category Archives

LOW-POWER WEARABLE ECG MONITORING SYSTEM FOR MULTIPLE-PATIENT REMOTE MONITORING

Abstract

              Many devices and solutions for remote ECG monitoring have been proposed in the literature. These  solutions typically have a large marginal cost per added sensor and are not seamlessly integrated with other smart home solutions. Here we propose an ECG remote monitoring system that is dedicated to non-technical users in need of long-term health monitoring in residential environments and is integrated in a broader Internetof-Things (IoT) infrastructure. Our prototype consists of a complete vertical solution with a series of advantages with respect to the state of the art, considering both prototypes with integrated front end and prototypes realized with off-the-shelf components: i) ECG prototype sensors with record-low energy per effective number of quantized levels, ii) an architecture providing low marginal cost per added sensor/user, iii) the possibility of seamless integration with other smart home systems through a single internet-of-things infrastructure.


SMART REAL-TIME HEALTHCARE MONITORING AND TRACKING SYSTEM USING GSM/GPS TECHNOLOGIES

Abstract

         Health monitoring systems have rapidly evolved recently, and smart systems have been proposed to monitor patient current health conditions, in our proposed and implemented system, we focus on monitoring the patient’s blood pressure, and his body temperature. Based on last decade statistics of medical records, death rates due to hypertensive heart disease, shows that the blood pressure is a crucial risk factor for atherosclerosis and ischemic heart diseases; thus, preventive measures should be taken against high blood pressure which provide the abilityto track, trace and save patient’s life at appropriate time is an essential need for mankind. Nowadays, Globalization demands Smart cities, which involves many attributes and services, such as government services, Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS), energy, health care, water and waste. This paper proposes a system architecture for smart healthcare based on GSM and GPS technologies. The objective of this work is providing an effective application for Real Time Health Monitoring and Tracking. The system will track, trace, monitor patients and facilitate taking care of their health; so efficient medical services could be provided at appropriate time. By Using specific sensors, the data will be captured and compared with a configurable threshold via microcontroller which is defined by a specialized doctor who follows the patient; in any case of emergency a short message service (SMS) will be sent to the Doctor’s mobile number along with the measured values through GSM module. furthermore, the GPS provides the position information of the monitored person who is under surveillance all the time. Moreover, the paper demonstrates the feasibility of realizing a complete endto- end smart health system responding to the real health system design requirements by taking in consideration wider vital human health parameters such as respiration rate, nerves signs … etc. The system will be able to bridge the gap between patients – in dramatic health change occasions- and health entities who response and take actions in real time fashion.


A Real-Time Embedded System for Monitoring of Cargo Vehicles, Using Controller Area Network (CAN)

Abstract

               This paper presents the creation of a CAN network for monitoring parameters route of cargo vehicles. By decree of law, all cargo vehicles must contain tachograph device that collects and records all information practiced during the trip, such as speed, distance, RPM (rotations per minute), among other parameters. The data provided by the tachograph are sent to the CAN network, collected and interpreted by AT90CAN128 microcontroller and sent to the monitoring station by serial communication by a tracker (MTC 500). Thus, the central monitoring company will quickly follow the route of its drivers, and the characteristics of travel practiced by them.


The Design of Building Fire Monitoring System Based on ZigBee-WiFi Networks

Abstract 

              With the rapid development of wireless  communication technology, people’s life has undergone great changes. In recent years, the comfort and safety of the building environment have become a universal concern. However,building fire is the greatest threat to building safety. In consideration of the current issues on building security, the design applies the important part, the wireless sensor network technology to building fire safety monitoring system and establishes the wireless sensor network by using ZigBee technology and ZigBee-WiFi gateway which transforms ZigBee network into WiFi network, In addition, taking advantage of the ZigBee wireless sensor network locates a fire place so that the fire information is uploaded to the handheld terminal and the building security personnel work out the retreat and rescue plan in time. This paper provides a new solution for building fire monitoring system.


Home Outlet and LED Array Lamp Controlled by a Smartphone with a Hand Gesture Recognition

Abstract

        Nanocircuits based on molecular QCA are prone to high error rates.   In this paper, we present a novel conservative logic gate termed ‘CQCA’ (conservative QCA) to design concurrently testable circuits for molecular QCA. In conservative logic gates, there would be an equal number of 1s in the output as there would be on the input. Thus, conservative logic gates are parity preserving, that is, the parity of the input vectors is equal to the output vectors. CQCA is proposed in this work as molecular QCA is based on majority voting. We analyzed the fault patterns in existing popular conservative Fredkin gate and proposed CQCA gate due to single missing/additional cell defect in molecular QCA. We found that if there is a fault in molecular QCA implementation of Fredkin and CQCA gates, there is a parity mismatch between the input and the output; otherwise the input parity is same as output parity. Thus, any permanent and transient fault in molecular QCA can be concurrently detected if implemented with conservative Fredkin and CQCA gates. We applied novel method of using majority and minority voting to detect the fault in conservative gates. We propose to use CQCA gate compared to existing popular Fredkin gate as CQCA  excels Fredkin gate in parameters of complexity(number of majority voter), speed and area. The results are well supported by synthesizing standard benchmark combinational functions. The QCA design of 2 pair 2 rail checker is also presented for the first time ever in literature. The design of QCA layouts and the verification of the designs are performed using the QCADesigner and HDLQ tools.


An Integrated Cloud-Based Smart Home Management System with Community Hierarchy

Abstract

         This paper presents a smart home management system in which a community broker role is used for integrating community services, thereby reducing the workload of community management staff, providing electronic information services, and deepening the community’s integration with the surrounding environment. At the home end, a home intranet was created by integrating a fixed touch panel with a home controller system and various sensors and devices to deliver, for example, energy, scenario information, and security functions. The community end comprises a community server and community personal computers, and connects to devices (e.g., video cameras and building automation devices) in other community systems and to the home networks. Furthermore, to achieve multiple inhome displays, standard interface devices can be employed to separate the logic and user interfaces. This study also determined that the message queuing telemetry transport protocol can provide optimal home control services in smart home systems, whereas hypertext transfer protocol is optimal for delivering location-based information integration services.


Design and Implementation of Low-Cost SMS Based Monitoring System of Distribution Transformers

Abstract

                Gathering information from distribution transformers is very important in order to monitor and control the entire electric distribution grid efficiently and reliably. It acts as a decision support system to assist the grid operation engineers with information helps to estimate the load, fix problems and identify the week points in the grid. The objective of this paper is to build a system to acquire the remote electrical signals from distribution transformers such as voltage, current, power and temperature; then send these values to a monitoring node via Short Message Service, SMS, along with exact date and time of measuring. At the monitoring node, software is built to receive the information, save into databases and also display the data on a screen for use by the operation engineers. Tests conducted on the system have shown that the monitoring node continues to receive periodic status data. Observed Intermittent delay is attributed to the congestion in the Global System for Mobile Communications, GSM network.


A Wireless Sensor Interface for the Quantification of Tremor Using Off the Shelf Components

Abstract

               Deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery involves placing an electrode in the subthalamic nucleus to suppress the motor symptoms, such as tremor, of patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Currently physicians use the standard Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) to describe the tremor intraoperatively and post operatively. This scale involves subjective anchor-based observations by the clinical expert. In this study, a wireless accelerometer system is presented that was built from off the shelf components to objectively quantify tremor scores. The system consists of a Teensy 3.1 microcontroller and two 3-axis accelerometers. It wirelessly transmits the readings through a Bluetooth module. The data is received by a custom C++ program that parses and transmits the data. The system is used to record data from patients with PD during and after DBS surgery. We show example data recorded from several PD patients and study the correlation of sensor readings with the DBS ON and OFF states. We provide initial data showing that such a system can be effectively used in the clinic for the objective quantification of motor symptoms of PD patients.


New Generation ATM Terminal Services

Abstract

          This paper aims at realization of the Automated Teller Machine network all around the globe using IPv6, thereby reducing the complexity and total number of transactions involved in the entire process of cash withdrawal. But the major challenge involved in connecting ATM network to public domain is the security. A Near-Field Communication (NFC) is proposed to be used where in the user, after inserting ATM Card, would communicate via only their NFC enabled mobile phones. Reserving NFC spectrum band to the government is proposed to be made mandatory for ensuring no eavesdropping. The proposed technique would help in achieving a unified interface for ATM terminals among all the financial institutions. A prior establish ment of session is made between a trusted third party application and the ATM terminals, wherein the ATM card is checked for its validity and after this validation, session is established between the ATM terminal and the financial institution’s server. Then server sends registered mobile number of the swiped ATM card to the terminal, wherein the terminal invokes NFC with that mobile number. Thereafter all the communication is between mobile and the server via the ATM terminals ensuring authenticity and confidentiality. Using this technique, an ATM terminal can connect to any bank server in the world, directly, reducing huge network traffic and providing scope to include other non-financial services as offerings.


Identify the Deterioration in Pipe by Using Wheel Operated Robot

Abstract

            Nowadays, Robots are used in many industries for various purposes. Inspection is the one of the field in which robot used as the inspector. One application is monitoring the inside of the pipe, Recognizing and solving problem through interior of the pipe. So, Inspection of pipe can be achieved by using wheel operated robot. Various problems related to pipe line such as corrosion, erosion and cracks. They can effectively reduce strength and wall thickness of pipe. Pipe inspection is necessary to locate defects due to corrosion and wear to avoid failure. In this work, Pipe inspection robot with ability to move inside horizontal and vertical pipes has been designed and fabricated. The robot consists of motor for driving and camera for monitoring.


An Analysis of Network-Based Control System Using Controller Area Network (CAN) Protocol

Abstract

          Active safety is an important feature of a modern vehicle to provide precaution warning or compensatory control before the pre-crash stage of vehicle safety. All vehicle signals and information are acquired by several in-vehicle sensors on ECUs or surrounding vehicles, and integrated in vehicle gateway through in- safely with the cooperative driving mechanism. The demonstration system consists of a vehicle gateway, which is based on a PIC processor. After reaching within the communication limit, the vehicles set up time synchronization and then exchange vehicle information. The cooperative driving is fulfilled by sharing the vehicle information and emergency warning through wireless communication, so a driver can be aware of the dangerous situation. vehicle or vehicle-to-vehicle communications. The information exchanged among the host and surrounding vehicles provides comprehensive vehicle and driving status of each vehicle, so the driver can drive more


Implementation of Tcp/Ip on Embedded Webserver Using Raspberry Pi In Industrial Application

Abstract

          An embedded system is a computer system designed for specific control functions within a larger system, often with real-time computing constraints .But when networking technology is combined with it, the scope of embedded systems would be further more. Here design and implementation of embedded web server is presented. That can be used for Electrical Equipment monitoring system. In h/w design Raspberry pi from Xbee is used. Sensors are interfaced with microcontroller. Parameters like temperature, gas are measured and transmitted to PC through serial protocol SPI. The received values in PC are uploaded in internet by Ethernet cable. So by typing IP address in web browser, client can monitor all devices in industry from any remote places via its own local browser. Ethernet communication is depicted and data flow is analysed last.


Embedded Voice Controlled Computer For Visually Impaired and Physically Disabled People Using Arm Processor

Abstract

                This paper gives the design and implementation of embedded voice controlled system using ARM cortex A7 for visually impaired and physically challenged people. ARM cortex A7 has features such as low power consuming than its predecessor and based on ARM v7 architecture, also it is a quad core processor. The system uses Google’s speech API for the conversion of speech to text and text to speech which has the dictionary of phoneme for more than 60k words and many languages are supported.


Embedded Automatic Vehicle Control System Using Voice Recognition on ARM7 Processor

Abstract

            This paper gives the design and implementation of embedded system for voice recognition in automatic vehicle driving using ARM cortex A7 for physically challenged people. ARM cortex A7 has features such as low power consuming, low heat release than its predecessor (ARM A9) and based on ARM v7 architecture, also it is a quad core processor and the system uses Google’s speech API for the conversion of speech to text, which has the dictionary of phoneme for more than 60k words and many languages are supported.


Automated Smart Trolley with Smart Billing Using Arduino

Abstract

          Shopping mall is a place where people get their daily necessities. There has been an emerging demand for quick and easy payment of bills in shopping malls. Quite often, when shopping in a supermarket shoppers are frustrated at locating the items on the shopping list and no assistance is available. To overcome these problems we have designed a smart trolley with a mobile application. This paper provides an app which helps the customers in finding the location of the product. It also provides a centralized and automated billing system using RFID. Each product of shopping mall, super markets will be provided with a RFID tag, to identify its type. Each shopping cart is implemented with a Product Identification Device (PID) that contains microcontroller, LCD, an RFID reader. Purchasing product information will be read through a RFID reader on shopping cart and it is displayed in LCD which is interfaced to the controller. At the billing counter, the total bill will be transferred to PC by Bluetooth module.


Automated Sensor Network For Monitoring and Detection of Impurity In Drinking Water System

Abstract

               This paper describes a low cost and holistic approach to the water quality monitoring problem for drinking water distribution systems as well as for consumer sites. Our approach is to develop sensor nodes for real time and in-pipe monitoring, assessment of water quality on the fly and to calculate the amount of water delivered. The main sensor node consists of several inpipe electrochemical and optical sensors and emphasis is given on low cost, lightweight implementation, and reliable long time operation. Such implementation is suitable for large scale deployments enabling a sensor network approach for providing spatiotemporally rich data to water consumers, water companies, and authorities. Based on selected parameters, a sensor array is developed along with several microsystems for analog signal conditioning, processing, logging, and remote presentation of data. Testing are performed to estimate and validate these calculated contamination events of various concentrations of escherichia coli bacteria and heavy metals (arsenic). Experimental results indicate that this inexpensive system is capable of detecting these high impact contaminants at fairly low concentrations.


Design of Prototype Model for Home Automation Using Wireless Sensor Networks

Abstract

      Home automation technology is becoming as synonymous with sustainability as it is with convenience. Incorporating smart home technology into a new or existing structure makes it easier to reduce energy consumption by WSN. The main role of the sensor network that senses physical parameters estimating user behavior for future periods and adjusting prediction in real time. Wireless sensor networks have critical applications in the scientific, medical, commercial, and military domains The main aim of this project is to reduce the power consumption. It is possible to save energy when installing various products. Simple functions such as temperature sensors and detectors integrated into a relatively simple home automation system can save hours of wasted energy in both residential and commercial applications. Wireless home automation networks comprise wireless embedded sensors and actuators that enable monitoring and control applications for home user comfort and efficient management. Increased demands on implementation of wireless sensor networks in automation praxis result in relatively new wireless standard – ZigBee. This article surveys the main current and emerging solutions that are suitable for wireless home automation networks.


Light Weight Access Control System for Constrained IOT Devices

Abstract

             This paper presents a low cost and flexible home control and monitoring system using an embedded micro-web server, with IP connectivity for accessing and controlling devices and appliances remotely using Android based Smart phone app. The proposed system does not require a dedicated server PC with respect to similar systems and offers a novel communication protocol to monitor and control the home environment with more than just the switching functionality. To demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of this system, devices such as light switches, power plug, temperature sensor and current sensorhave been integrated with the proposed home control system.


Biometric Recognition Technique for ATM System

Abstract

     In 1930’s, Mr. Luther G. Simijian initiated building first of kind and not so successful version of Tellering machine. He did register related patents. He initially came up with an idea of machine fixed in a wall called as “Hole in the wall machine.” It would allow customer to make financial transaction without entering the bank. John S. Barron had an idea in the late 1960’s for 24/7 cash dispenser. He was M.D. of De La Rue Instruments. De La Rue today manufactures cash dispensers. You can say that Shepherd Barron invented the ATM system, then the world’s first ATM was installed outside North London. It was installed in a branch of Barclay’s Bank in 1967. The first bank to introduce ATM in India was HSBC in 1987, Mumbai. The existing self banking system has got very high popularity with 24 hours service. Use of ATM (Automatic Teller Machine) is helpful for money transaction. ATM is activated by placing the card, then entering the pin number of the particular card. But this system is not safe to use because anybody can access the system if they have the card and pin number like we share our card and pin number to our friends who may miss use it. This is the main disadvantage of existing system. Traditional ATM systems authenticate the method has some defects. Using ATM card and password cannot verify the client’s identity exactly.


An optimized solar traffic control and alert system using wireless sensor networks

Abstract

        The optimized solar traffic light control and alert system provides the better approach for traffic congestion. The system is composed of wireless modem and solar panel designed inside the modem itself. The design makes use of solar energy rather electrical energy which makes it energy efficient. The wireless modem tracks the vehicle in highway and lights the vehicle with the help of solar panel. The solar panel is composed of solar tracker that helps to detect the vehicle in highway. The system also helps to avoid the accidents in highways and also sends the SMS to respective RTO authority .the approached system uses solar energy as a major source which makes it economic The main aim behind this system is to control the accidents in broad section of highway with optimal use of solar energy.


Controlling the Home Appliances Remotely Through Web Application Using ZIGBEE

Abstract

        In today’s world Automatic system is ubiquitous communication over manual system. The IoT can assist in integration of communications, control, and information processing across various systems. The Internet of Things allows objects to be sensed and controlled remotely. Wireless Home Automation system(WHAS) using IoT is a system that uses computers or mobile devices to control basic home functions and features automatically through internet from anywhere around the world, an automated home is sometimes called a smart home. Here we present a home automation system using ZigBee that make use of Wireless Sensor between the controller and user section.


Smart Transport Database Management System

Abstract

    In the current scenario, automation plays major role in various sectors because of provide reliable products, performing hazardous tasks, and monitoring continuously without relaxation. These properties of automation have made the industries to adopt this technique for their profits and benefits. In some Organizations, the vehicle monitoring is a complex process. Due to manual process, it is difficult to determine the exact monitoring and reporting for vehicles which travels from the premises to outer area and from external area to the premises. This novel project idea proposes an automatic device to recognize an authorized and unauthorized vehicle in an organization. In addition to that, the fuel level in the vehicle can be identified using float sensor. Furthermore, the distance travelled by the vehicle can also be detected using odometer. These data’s can be acquired by communicating the information using wireless technology. This system will be useful to monitor the status and performance of vehicle in the organization and also to know the fuel level, distance travelled, arrival and departure time from the organization through the data base where manpower can be eliminated for performing such a task.


Vehicle Accident Prevention Using Assistant Braking System

Abstract

      Accidents occur mainly due to over speed, which results in lack of control of the vehicle and leads to accidents. We can prevent these kind of accidents by using a new kind of braking system which is known as assistant braking system. This assistant braking system uses laser triangulation sensor, PIR sensor and ultrasonic sensor as its main sensing components. With the help of these sensors, we can identify the obstacle and able to calculate the distance to them. PIR (Passive Infrared sensor) is also used to detect the presence of mammals and peoples in the path or track, and can able to calculate the distance. Using this distance we can manage the speed of the vehicle with the help of Assistant Braking System. This assistant breaking system automatically reduces the speed of the vehicle whenever it is necessary.


Visual Surveillance Using Absolute Difference Motion Detection System

Abstract

        Surveillance is the monitoring of the behavior, activities, or other changing information, usually of people for the purpose of influencing, managing, directing, or protecting them. As security is becoming the primary concern of society and hence having a security system is becoming a big requirement. Video surveillance plays a vital role in security systems. This paper describes the ability to recognise objects and humans, to describe their actions and interactions from information acquired by sensors using absolute difference motion detection technique. Real-time implementation is achieved by using a Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) modem for SMS (Short Message Service) notification. The ablity of tracking and recognition of the visual device was implemented using OpenCVTM for displaying an output. The detected objects motion is being  captured and stored in HDD.


Design and Development of Embedded based System for Monitoring Industrial and Environmental Parameters for Analyzing the Health of Human beings

Abstract

           Pollution plays a major role in environmental and climatic changes and affects the health of human beings and animals also. The cause behind the increase in pollution is due to increase in number of vehicles and industries. Air pollution is one of the major problems which makes the living beings less comfortable and less happy. There is a need to monitor the pollutant levels and prevent the human beings to enter that polluted area for a while. The main objective is to design a system to monitor the environmental and industrial parameters of areas in Visakhapatnam. In this system, the temperature, wind, humidity, smoke, carbon monoxide (CO) levels are observed continuously to give alert to the human bodies from the environmental and industrial pollution when it crosses the specified safe level. The system is designed using ARM Processor LPC2148, GSM modem and various sensors. The Graphical User Interface (GUI) is designed using Visual BASIC.


Review of Automatic Detection and control of Disease for Grape Field

Abstract

       This project gives the idea about Detection of various disease on grape field. Also provide the information about how to control this disease. India exported so many tons of grape every year. So, Grape played vital role in economic condition of country. But, because of disease the Grape quality is decrease so that we cannot exported this grape in foreign.In the Grape field there are various type of disease are attacking. From this various disease the Downey mildew disease is do the more effect on the Grape plant. This various disease affect the grape field because of some factor. These factors are Temperature, Humidity, Rain and Wind flow. This project provides the information to the farmer when the changes take place in environment by using the electronic system. Because of changed environment so many disease are attacking on Grape plant. Means this project gives information of environmental condition to the farmer and on the basis of these changes the farmer take precaution and control the attack of disease.


A Wearable Device for Continuous Detection and Screening of Epilepsy during Daily Life

Abstract

          Epilepsy is a very fatal condition which is caused as a result of imbalance in the nervous system. The very common symptoms of epilepsy includes sudden fluctuations in heart beat rate and involuntary muscular movements (seizures). The aura (practical symptom) of epilepsy includes fluctuations in heartbeat, nausea, dizziness etc. The wireless electronic diagnosing system proposed here is exclusively meant for epilepsy patients. The system helps them in accurately predicting the occurrence of seizures. Sudden occurrence of seizures during driving may lead to accidents and its occurrence during sleeping hours can even lead to the patient’s death, if no immediate, proper attention is provided by a bystander or a doctor. With the aid of this system, the patient can lead a normal life. Since the occurrence of seizures is unpredictable, it will be a very risky task to leave the patient alone. The electronic system proposed here is a wearable device which predicts the occurrence of epilepsy in a few minutes advance. The device utilizes the signals from human body to detect the occurrence of epilepsy. As soon as the device detects the symptoms, it transmits a coded signal to produce control signals for switching an alarm device, doctor or relatives mobile phone using wireless communication with help of GSM modem and GPS is used to trace out the exact location of the patient.


Design and Implementation of Integrated Mobile Operated Remote Vehicle

Abstract

          This paper presents the technical construction of the vehicle controlled by user mobile. The designed GSM based vehicle could be operated from almost anywhere if GSM networ k exists. The procedure commences with initiating a call from the cell phone which is auto received by GSM module stacked in the vehicle.In the course of a call, if any of the keypad buttons was pressed a tone corresponding to the button pressed is heard at the other end of the transmission which is called Dual Tone Multiple Frequency (DTMF) tone. The received tone in the cell phone at the vehicle is processed by the ARM7 LPC2148 controller. These processed signals are given as input to the motor driver IC (L293D) which drives the vehicle in 3600 and also to perform the actions needed by laser weapon system.


Trespass Prevention System Using IOT

Abstract

    Trespass Panic System uses an Arduino microcontroller and interfaced with GSM module, an input keypad, sensor and camera. When the password entered does not match with the original, the inbuilt camera is turned ON to capture an image and call is received by the owner through the GSM module. If the password matches with original, owner is intimated by sending a notification through the GSM and the inbuilt camera is turned ON to capture an image. In case of override or destruction of system an alarm is turned on and then a camera is turned ON and the image is stored in SD card module and a phone call will be made to the owner as an emergency notification.


GSM & PIR Based Advanced Antitheft Security System

Abstract

      Security is a too much important thing to be concerned in our day-to-day life. Everyone wants to be secured as much as possible. Knowing our home or shop is secure provides us peace of mind. We know now a day’s theft has become a major issue. In this paper we design an advanced electronic security system by using small PIR and IR sensors built around the arduino controller. PIR and IR sensors sense the presence of intruder & Controller reads the signal from sensors and if intruder is detected it turns on the buzzer & the lights in the room as well as making a call to predefined number through a GSM modem. At the same time controller also turns on camera to capture the image of intruder.


Distribution Line Fault Detection & GSM Module Based Fault Signaling System

Abstract

        Any distribution network is prone to faults, and intermittency in power availability creates loss for the supplier as well as user. Majorly, a supply line can be effected by conditions of overvoltage and overcurrent, also under-voltage condition. During the occurrence of any fault, the incident goes unreported for long duration. Manual reporting can lead to long outage time. To overcome this problem, a GSM based signaling system is developed that will detect the changes in voltage-current parameter, and using a microcontroller based circuit, the faults can be classified based on comparison values obtained from rated parameters of the distribution substation. To overcome these, we are proposing a GSM based transmission line fault detection System. Whenever the preset threshold is crossed, the microcontroller instantly initiates a message to be sent to the area lineman and the Control Station stating the exact pole to pole location. This helps us to realize an almost real time system. The real intention of detecting fault in real time and protecting the transformer at the earliest is realized.


Design of Entrapment Escalation using GSM for Elevators

Abstract

      Due to advancement in technology, elevators are used in order to reduce human efforts for climbing steps of large buildings. The elevator being electrical equipment has a possibility to stop working during its operation resulting in entrapment of passenger. To rescue the entrapper an escalation has to be done to concern department or person or an indication should be made to the people outside the elevator for arrangement of rescue operation. But sometimes the escalation of entrapment in elevators can be a challenging problem, since entrapped passenger may not be aware of the escalation procedure or the elevator may not have an indicator or alert for the people outside the elevator. Many times during entrapment, escalation to the concern department may become harder, may be due to unavailability of resources required like mobile phone with the entrapper or may be an alert system with the elevator. To overcome this Entrapment Escalation using GSM for Elevators can be used, where SMS will be sent to the concern department through GSM for arrangement of rescue operation, and also an indication will be done in the form of buzzer for the people outside the elevator to make them aware of this entrapment.


Tracking and Theft Prevention System for Two Wheeler Using GSM and GPS

Abstract

         In automobile field, the security and theft prevention are one of the main areas in current scenario. The security goals are achieved by the GSM, GPS technology. But it is commonly used for the four wheeler and not in the two wheeler. Using these technologies, we can only track and monitor the vehicle. Previously, GPS is used to get the current position of the two wheeler and that data will be send to the user mobile phone through the GSM. This paper implements for theft prevention in two wheeler using GSM, GPS and Android technology. We can track, monitor and stop the stolen two wheeler too by this system. The two wheeler position is obtained by the GPS module, which is send to the microcontroller, which then sends the message to the user smart phone through the GSM module. Here Atmel microcontroller, air solenoid and water solenoid valves are interfaced with GSM modem and GPS module which will be fixed in the two wheeler. User can stop the vehicle under theft by android application.


“AUTOBOOK” The Messaging Machines (Using GSM and Arduino)

Abstract

          In a world that is advancing towards technological development in every second, ‘time’ has become very expensive. Incorporating automation in an existing complaint registering mechanism through networking is our main idea. The focus is mainly on handling malfunctioning of a device in a more optimized manner in terms of time, cost, service and transparency by making complaint booking user friendly. The malfunction is detected by a sensing element which is placed at different ends of the system where errors are prone to occur. The output of this sensing element is given to Arduino board. This in turn controls the Global System for mobile communication (GSM). The GSM sends a message to the owner and service station regarding the malfunctioning of the machine.


Remote control and instrumentation of Android devices

Abstract

      This paper presents the extensions added to the measurement and monitoring tool TestelDroid, to support remote control and instrumentation of Android devices. The extensions include support for Standard Commands for Programmable Instruments (SCPI), cOntrol and Management Framework (OMF) and OMF Measurement Library (OML). SCPI is the most widespread interface for measurement equipment control in many areas, for example, electronics or telecommunications. On the other hand, the support of technologies like OMF and OML provides powerful orchestration framework languages which reduces the time required to define experiments.


A pulse measurement and data management system based on Arduino platform and Android device

Abstract

      A prototype of pulse measurement and data management system is built on Arduino platform and Android device. It is provided with functions of pulse measurement, data storage and share in local device and online cloud server. Among the system, first a smart pulse sensing module with a Bluetooth interface is designed to measure pulse rate and peak value. Pulse data with time stamp is then sent to Android device through Bluetooth. A data management application is developed for Android device, which can receive pulse data from sensing module and further upload to online cloud server.


Android4Auto: A proposal for integration of Android in vehicle infotainment systems

Abstract

      This paper presents a proposal for integration of Android into vehicle infotainment systems. The proposed system offers infotainment functionality, while enabling users to use the device as a regular Android device. The proposal includes a specification of a Java API that should be used to access in-vehicle related content from Android applications.


Wireless biosensing network for drivers’ health monitoring

Abstract

          Biosensors integrated into the vehicle controller area network are used for detecting symptoms such as anxiety, pain, and fatigue that may affect driving safety. The proposed system provides a flexible option for implementation in a diverse range of mass-produced automotive accessories without affecting the driver’s movement.


Controller Area Network Assisted Grid Synchronization of a Microgrid With Renewable Energy Sources and Storage

Abstract

    Microgrids are emerging as an important constituent of large-scale smart grids. They are equipped with the controls necessary for managing the operation in islanded or grid connected mode and serve the loads with clean, reliable, and uninterruptible power. Microgrid must be equipped with a robust grid synchronization (GS) algorithm so as to allow a smooth transfer from islanded mode to grid tied mode. This gets even more critical when the availability of the power grid is irregular or the power grid is weak. This paper proposes a simple yet highly reliable GS technique based on controller area network (CAN) communication. The grid synchronizer block senses the three phase grid voltages, derives the phase angle (θ) using synchronously rotating reference frame-based phase lock loop, and transmits this information on the CAN network to all microsources (MS). The local controller associated with each MS receives the data with small but known and definite time latencies. This allows each MS to energize simultaneously in synchronization with the grid, facilitating easy GS of all the MS, minimizing the time required for GS of the complete microgrid. All the analytical, simulation, and hardware results related to this paper are presented.


Development of the Mobile Robot with a Robot Arm

Abstract

           The paper develops a mobile platform, based on KNR controller manufactured by Barden-Powell International and National Instruments (NI). The core of KNR controller adopts NI Single-Board RIO 9606 embedded platform, which integrates diverse sensors, motor controllers, and image processing module within itself. The developed mobile platform makes use of light sensors and touch sensors for line tracking and detects the initial location, and utilizes “trapezoidal acceleration and deceleration” algorithm and Proportional-Integral- Derivative (PID) controller for precise motion control. Specifically, the developed motion platform takes advantages of NI LabVIEW Vision Assistant’ image processing functionalities, like color threshold, dilation, erosion, and convex hull, for distance estimation. The motion platform embeds a robot arm with four degrees of freedom. The robot arm can catch the selected object moving to the assigned location by the image processing module, and put down the object.


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